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More than one in 20 web users are infected with ad injectors, a type of malware that puts unwanted adverts on web pages, according to new research from Google.

As a result, the company has announced a new crackdown on the software, which can manifest either as a browser extension or a standalone application. Google removed almost 200 “deceptive” extensions from the web store for its Chrome browser, and has started to use Chrome’s safe browsing features to display warnings to users who are (likely unknowingly) about to download ad injection software. It has a long way to go, though, as the company’s research reveals that there are more than 50,000 browser extensions and 34,000 apps that inject ads into users’ browsers.

Perhaps most importantly, the company is also going after ad injection software at the root, informing advertisers whose ads are showing up in the software “to alert [them to] the deceptive practices and ad networks involved”. And since Google also runs one of the world’s biggest ad networks itself, through its AdWords service, it has been able to take action there, updating its polices “to make it more difficult for advertisers to promote unwanted software”.

Google’s Kurt Thomas explained why the company decided to act. “Ad injectors’ businesses are built on a tangled web of different players in the online advertising economy,” he wrote. This complexity has made it difficult for the industry to understand this issue and help fix it. We hope our findings raise broad awareness of this problem and enable the online advertising industry to work together and tackle it.”